Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp – Benefits, Cultivation, and Price (FREE Report)
Litopenaeus Vannamei Shimp and Its Benefits
Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp is a kind of shrimp which is cultivated by Indonesian people. Shrimp, just like other seafood has so many benefits to our body.
Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp can be used to prevent and slow down cancer, improve skin and hair condition and texture, energize our body, strengthen bones. It can also be used to reduce the amount of fats in our body, prevent anemia, and also improve the health of our prostate system.
The benefits of shrimps are often overlooked due to the fact that many people falsely believe the high cholesterol level of shrimp. However, the fact is, shrimp is low-fat food source and is rich of unsaturated fat contain. Because of that, shrimp is actually a source of “good cholesterol”. Furthermore, the benefit of shrimp is more than that, it can even reduce the cholesterol level, experts say.
According to Prof Dr Rosemary Shanton Ph.D, who is the leading nutrition expert from Australia (Australian Prawn Farmers Association), Japanese people are among the biggest shrimp consumers in the world. Interestingly, Japanese people also have one of the highest life expectancy in the whole world. Because of that, the shrimp consumption is often claimed to the high life expectancy. Shrimp, especially Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp containts high level of omega-3 fatty acids.
The History of Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp in Indonesia
Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannameii) has the origin in western coastal part of America, California bay to be exact, all the way to Guatemala coast, El Salvador, and Costa Rica. Beside Central America continent, this kind of shrimp also grows in subtropic areas.
According to Indonesia’s Fishery and Maritime Ministry’s Decree no 41/2001, Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp had started to be cultivated and grown in the year 2001. The background event underlying the introduction of this kind of shrimp in Indonesia is the decrease of the production of Giant tiger prawn. The cause of the decrease is due to some sickness and less ideal environment. Because of that, to stabilize the supply of shrimp in Indonesia, Indonesian government started to find the substitute of giant tiger prawn and the decision finally arrived at Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp.
Indonesia is blessed with good climate and stable seasons, be it dry season or rainy season. This results in the stability of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp production capacity all year around. The change of temperature and seasonality is minimal and therefore, do not affect too much towards the production of shrimp. However, still we need to pay close attention to the environment the shrimp is cultivated.
There are many diseases and virus that attack this kind of shrimp, including WSSV (White Spot Syndrome Virus). Therefore, shrimp farmers need to make sure the environment is absolutely condusive to prevent the virus attack. Indonesian government continuously campaign the best practice of shrimp cultivation to grow this type of shrimp. Overseas people like this shrimp, which makes it an ideal export commodity.
What are Some of the Factors when we Cultivate Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp?
There are 5 factors we need to pay attention during the cultivation of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp.
The condition of shrimp farming and pond, and also their surrounding
Provision of good quality young shrimp
Water and land management
In-depth knowledge about shrimp health and how to prevent disease
Management of pond treatment
Get to Know More About Litopenaeus Vanname Shrimp Varieties
Litopenaeus Vanname shrimp are included in the genus Penaeus and subgenus Litopenaeus. Shrimp of this type has the form of female genital organs which are open but do not have sperm storage.
There are 2 factors that affect the growth of Litopenaeus vanname shrimp, namely the frequency of molting / skin change and growth in each molting. Shrimp biologically have a hard skin, which will be elated each time they change their skin. What often makes shrimp easy to be eaten by predators is the period where the skin is not hard (still soft).
Shrimp food is all types of food such as microorganisms, amphipods, and polychaeta. That caused scientists to classify shrimp as omnivorous creatures (all-eaters). There are interesting things that need to be considered in the cultivation of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp, namely the eating habits of shrimp. Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp only eat at certain periods of the day and not very frequently. Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp appetite depends on how optimal the environment. Therefore, it is very important to make the environment in which these shrimp live very conducive and free from all disturbances.
Several Popular Method to Cook Shrimp in Indonesia
Shrimp is a type of seafood that is very popular and delicious to cook. Some of the most popular types of shrimp dishes in Indonesia include oyster sauce shrimp, sweet and sour shrimp, flour fried shrimp, Padang sauce shrimp, and balado shrimp. Although it tastes very good, but there are 2 things to consider when cooking shrimp.
The first is the freshness of the shrimp. Make sure you buy shrimp from good sources and from suppliers that are already very trustworthy. This concerns the freshness and quality of the shrimp. Many seafood suppliers, especially shrimp, cannot guarantee the freshness and distribution channels of shrimp, so that for weeks they are left without proper packaging and freezer processes.
The second thing is how to cook it. Many types of shrimp must be cooked by peeling such as flour fried shrimp. Make sure you peel the shrimp clean and that the skin and tail are all peeled off. Third, although shrimp is a good source of fat, there is still cholesterol contained in shrimp.
Be sure not to eat shrimp excessively especially for those of you who have a history of cholesterol in your family or who are over 45 years old.
Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp Cultivation
Freshwater Litopenaeus Vanname shrimp has many advantages compared to ordinary shrimp culture, where it is able to control organic waste (shrimp dung and shrimp food scraps) and is able to create a homogeneous environment. Homogeneous (uniform) environment can make the quality of this type of shrimp more consistent. The size and color of these shrimps are more consistent than those of ordinary shrimps.
Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp seedlings are currently still difficult to obtain because these seeds are still dependent on availability from nature and cannot be produced intensively in modern factories. This causes the availability of shrimp is very limited, especially with the best quality and export-worthy.
Litopenaeus Vaname shrimp cultivation has become increasingly popular in Indonesia, such as in Aceh. According to one shrimp farmer named Miswardi who is in Aceh, Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp farming is quite profitable, but it takes a lot of patience to care for and develop this shrimp.
The size of ponds needed for cultivation is around 6000 meters, and sterile water, windmills, and good shrimp feed are also needed. The selling price for this 1 kilogram of shrimp is around Rp. 85,000 to Rp. 120,000, determined by the quality and seasonality.
What should be considered in Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp Cultivation?
Vannamei shrimp has different characteristics compared to other types of shrimp such as giant prawns and tiger shrimp. According to Seafood Supplier Indonesia, there are many things that must be considered in this type of shrimp culture.
The first is site preparation. The location for shrimp ponds must be quite extensive with good air and lighting. Secondly, shrimp pests and shrimp predators must always be controlled. There is no point in sowing vannamei shrimp if attacked by pests and predators. Third, filling water in the pond. Ponds or ponds filled with water must be replaced regularly. The first time you use tarpaulin, the water should be drained first so that the smell disappears.
Fourth, the use of probiotic fermentation to improve the quality of these shrimps. Fifth, make sure the shrimp are spread in the afternoon so they don’t get too hot in the eyes. Sixth, the process of vaname shrimp harvest is around 3 to 5 months.
According to the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Mangrove trees are very good for shrimp ponds. What are the benefits of this mangrove? There are two. First, it can neutralize waste. Secondly, vannamei prawns get natural food from this mangrove.
Intensive Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp Culture
Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp farming is a cultivation technique that utilizes limited land to grow shrimp. This is done due to the high price of pond land and also limited land suitable for shrimp farming.
According to Dr. Ir. Hasanudin who is the inventor of this cultivation technique, the productivity of this type of harvest reaches 200 tons / hectare. He even claimed that this type of cultivation was the most productive in the entire world.
But even though this technological method has many advantages, there are many factors that need to be considered before applying this method. This technology requires precision and strict requirements, which are good and modern technology. Human Resources is also one of the factors that need to be considered in the success of this method.
Insurance for Shrimp Culture
Lately, although Litopenaeus vaname shrimp farming is sufficient to earn and provide sufficient income for shrimp farmers, there are some concerns that farmers have. Therefore, the Indonesian government through the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries issued Shrimp Culture Business Insurance. Shrimp farming sector that is covered by this insurance is intensive, semi-intensive, and also simple technology.
If crop failure occurs, for example due to factors outside the control of farmers such as natural disasters, farmers can use this insurance to reduce their losses. This is because the nature of shrimp is quite vulnerable and at risk for many natural factors.
Litopenaeus Vannamei Shrimp Price
Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp has a high enough price due to the difficult cultivation process and high export demand to countries such as China, Singapore, Thailand, the United States, and Japan. According to the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia, shrimp farming is one of the types of businesses that have the potential to be exported to other countries and is very beneficial for increasing the income of the Indonesian state.
Indonesian shrimp are believed to be of better quality compared to other countries such as Thailand and Vietnam which are more susceptible to disease.
In China, shrimp, especially Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp, is a type of seafood that is very popular. With a population of around 1.3 billion, China needs lots of shrimp from Indonesia every year.
Supplier of shrimp in Indonesia is still very small. One of the most trusted suppliers of this type of shrimp in Indonesia is seafoodsupplierindonesia.com which has sold shrimp throughout Indonesia and even to neighboring countries such as China, Japan, the United States, Europe, and Singapore.
Litopenaeus Vannamei shrimp prices vary greatly, depending on the size and quality of the shrimp itself. The price of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp is estimated to be between 80,000 and 120,000 rupiah / kg although it depends on the quality, location, production process, and season.
Where to Find the Best Litopenaeus Shrimp Supplier?